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Cocker Spaniel


Ancestry  | The Cocker Spaniel descended from the spaniels which were a large breed of dogs dating back to antiquity. These dogs are believed to have originated from Spain. By the 1800s, this ancient spaniel breed was divided into two broad groups: toy and hunting.  The hunting group would be further divided into land and water spaniels. The Cocker Spaniel is famed for its hunt on woodcocks. This breed was first recognized as a breed in England in 1892.

Later Developments  | In the 1900s the Cocker Spaniel gained popularity among breeders; especially among those who wanted a smaller version. The Cocker spaniel won the 1939 and the 1940 prestigious Westminster dog show. Throughout out the 1900s breeders concentrated on breeding them for dog shows rather than for the fields. This focused breeding further widened the gap between the English and  the American Cocker Spaniel. The English and American Cocker spaniels were recognized as separate breeds in 1946.

Traits  | Cocker spaniels are medium to small sized dogs. They are good-natured gun dogs. Standing well up at the withers and solidly built, the Cocker Spaniel is an ideal active sporting dog. There are field, show and working cockers. These non-hypoallergenic dogs have a lifespan of between 12 and 15 years. The female measures about 36 to 41cm at the withers while the males measure about 38 to 43cm. They have at least five different types of coat colors. These are orange, liver & tan, blue roan, liver roan, and black.

Personality  | When well-bred cockers tend to have a sweet temperament. They are cuddly and affectionate and love to participate in family activities. They are also alert, active, playful and enjoy exercise from walks to jogs to even hunting. They are known to be mentally and physically sensitive. They have a supple personality and don’t respond well to strict or harsh treatment.  It’s critical to infuse them with proper canine behaviors while they are still puppies. They need kind treatment if they are to develop a balanced and healthy personality.

Care  | This breed is well-suited for living in apartments or condominiums. Although they don’t need large spaces, they require daily exercise and would benefit greatly if a home has a yard. They don’t like being left alone, and they’ll begin digging, scratching or barking for attention. They are most content when involved in family bonding or play. Despite his good, cuddly looks he is still a hunter at heart and can excel in many canine sports.


Adult Size

  • Medium

Amount of Shedding

  • Sheds Normally

Appropriate Environment

  • Apartment
  • Fenced In Yard
  • House
  • Invisible Fenced Yard

Behavior if Left Alone

  • Doesn’t Like Being Left Alone

Breed Group

  • Sporting Group

Coat Length

  • Medium Coat

Coat Quality

  • Silky Coat
  • Smooth Coat
  • Soft Coat


  • Black
  • Black & Tan
  • Black & White
  • Black White & Tan
  • Brown
  • Brown & Tan
  • Brown & White
  • Brown White & Tan
  • Buff
  • Buff & White
  • Red
  • Red & White
  • Silver


  • Doesn’t Really Drool

Energy Level

  • Energetic
  • Very Energetic

Exercise Needs

  • Needs Occasional Exercise
  • Needs Regular Exercise

Full Grown Height

  • 14-16″

Full Grown Weight

  • 21-25lbs
  • 26-30lbs

General Health

  • Breed with Many Health Issues
  • Not a Very Healthy Breed

Good Choice for New Dog Owners

  • Good Dog for Your First Dog

Good Dog for Cold Weather?

  • Can Manage in Cold Weather
  • Tolerates Cold Weather Well

Good Dog for Hot Weather?

  • Can Manage in Hot Weather
  • Doesn’t Do Well in Hot Weather

Good With Children?

  • Good with Kids
  • Great With Kids
  • Very Good With Kids


  • Requires Regular Brushing
  • Requires Regular Grooming


  • Genius
  • Smart
  • Very Intelligent


  • Affectionate
  • Very Affectionate


  • Playful
  • Very Playful

Recommended OFA Tests

  • Eye Examination by ACVO Ophthalmologist
  • Hip Dysplasia OFA/OVC Evaluation or PennHIP

Social Behavior with Dogs

  • Socializes Well with Other Dogs

Top Life Expectancy

  • 12 years
  • 13 years
  • 14 years
  • 15 years
  • 16 years

Training Tendencies

  • Easy to Train
  • Very Easy to Train

Vocalization Tendencies

  • Barks or Howls Appropriately