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Ancestry  | The Collie is a native of the highland regions of Scotland. The name is derived from 'col' or 'colls' which is the Anglo-Saxon word for black and has different variations including 'Coally', 'Colley', and 'Collis'. The initial Collies resembled the modern day Border Collies and were mostly black. They were primarily reared for their herding ability rather than their looks. It’s believed that the original ancestors of Colliers were brought to the British Isles by the Roman Conquerors around 200AD.

Later Developments  | At one point in history the Collie nearly went extinct. That is until the 1860s when Queen Victoria visited her Scotland estate and fell in love with the local Collies, their looks and temperament. She brought some with her, back to England. It was through her that the Collie fad and fame grew. It was also in the same year that they were exhibited at a dog show in Birmingham, England. A female Collie born in 1867 is credited with introducing the sable coat color in the breed pool. The first Collie reached the US in 1879.

Traits  | The Collie is is a medium-sized dog breed of about 22 to 32kgs. Both the males and the females tend to have pretty similar weight ranges. They're light to medium boned and usually relied upon as a cattle herding dog. Their tails tend to be feathered and often bushy; their fur is mostly flat and short, though it may be long in a few dogs. Their tails tend to be naturally bobbed or long depending on the dog.

Care  | Frequent outdoor exposure can help this dog to learn needed social skills. Given that they are herding dogs they require plenty of exercise, thus a yard would be preferable. However, they can still survive in apartments as long as they are given regimented exercises. These dogs need to be given lots of toys to keep them busy. Given their stamina and agility, they are a favorite in dog events and dog shows.

Personality  | This breed is naturally sweet, gentle and friendly when well trained. They are family dogs that want to be part of the family play and bonding. They are fond of kids and can be very protective of them. They are so protective that they would dive to save their owners from drowning. This dog is also impressively intelligent and loyal to the owners. Because of this, they are very teachable and fast learners. Keep in mind that they require lots of training and socialization.

Adult Size

  • Large
  • Medium

Amount of Shedding

  • Sheds Excessively

Appropriate Environment

  • Apartment
  • Fenced In Yard
  • House
  • Invisible Fenced Yard

Behavior if Left Alone

  • Doesn’t Like Being Left Alone

Breed Group

  • Herding Group

Coat Length

  • Long Coat

Coat Quality

  • Smooth Coat


  • Black White & Tan
  • Blue Merle
  • Blue Merle & White
  • Blue Merle White & Tan
  • Sable
  • Sable & White
  • Sable Merle & White
  • White
  • White Merle


  • Doesn’t Really Drool
  • Drools Occasionally

Energy Level

  • Energetic

Exercise Needs

  • Needs Occasional Exercise
  • Needs Regular Exercise

Full Grown Height

  • 21-23″
  • 24-26″

Full Grown Weight

  • 51-55lbs
  • 56-60lbs
  • 61-65lbs
  • 66-70lbs

General Health

  • Pretty Healthy Breed

Good Choice for New Dog Owners

  • Good Dog for Your First Dog
  • Great First Dog!
  • Very Good for Your First Dog!

Good Dog for Cold Weather?

  • Can Manage in Cold Weather
  • Thrives in Cold Weather
  • Tolerates Cold Weather Well

Good Dog for Hot Weather?

  • Can Manage in Hot Weather

Good With Children?

  • Good with Kids
  • Great With Kids
  • Very Good With Kids


  • Requires Regular Brushing
  • Requires Regular Grooming


  • Genius
  • Smart
  • Very Intelligent


  • Affectionate
  • Very Affectionate


  • Playful
  • Very Playful

Recommended OFA Tests

  • Multiple Drug Sensitivity WSU Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology Lab – OFA
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) DNA Test

Social Behavior with Dogs

  • Socializes Well with Other Dogs

Top Life Expectancy

  • 12 years
  • 13 years

Training Tendencies

  • Easy to Train
  • Very Easy to Train

Vocalization Tendencies

  • Barks or Howls Appropriately