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Dachshund


Overview

Origin | The Dachshund was created in Germany where they went by the name 'Badger dog'; they were used to chase badgers as well as foxes and wild boars. There have been illustrations of dogs resembling dachshunds from as early as the 15th century. The first dachshunds varied significantly in size and stature. The larger sized versions(30-30lb) were used to hunt boars, the medium sized(16-22lbs) were used on foxes and deer, while the smaller sized(5lbs) were used to chase rabbits.

Later Developments | The long-coated versions were probably developed through crosses with spaniels, while the wire-haired ones through a crossing with the Terriers. The standard breed was recorded in 1879, and a Club was formed in Germany in 1888. The first Dachshund was registered in the US in 1885. Ten years later the American Dachshunds Club would be formed. The dog would become one of the top 10 most popular breeds in the US.

Traits | These dogs are short-legged, long-bodied hound-type breed of dogs. The standard size dachshunds were developed to chase, scent, and flush out burrow-dwelling animals. They are a non-hypoallergenic breed that has a lifespan of between 14 and 17 years. This makes them one of the dog breeds with the longest lifespans. The standard size Dachshund weigh between 7.3 and 15kgs. They exist in eight different coat colors: Black, Tan, Chocolate & Cream, Black & Tan, Chocolate, Red, Black & Tan, Blue, and Cream.

Personality | Dachshunds are very clever and brave to the point of rashness. They are bred for perseverance which explains their capacity for stubbornness. They have a reputation for being entertaining and fearless. Although strong headed, this breed is known to be very cuddly towards the owners. Their personalities can also vary with the coat type. The wirehaired types are mischievous troublemakers courtesy of their terrier ancestors. The longhair types are known to be quiet and calm around people, while the smooth haired tend to be in between wirehair and longhairs in terms of personality.

Care | This breed has lots of stamina and energy. They like to play outdoors, hunt and even dig up stuff. They are also very active indoors that’s why you have to give them plenty of exercises (especially if the indoor quarters is small). You can take them for a two and a half mile walk or play a game of fetch in order to exercise them. Dachshunds are best kept indoors rather than outdoors. They are also fast learners if properly motivated. They excel as watchdogs, but they can be very noisy.

Adult Size

  • Small

Amount of Shedding

  • Sheds Little
  • Sheds Nearly Not at All

Appropriate Environment

  • Apartment
  • Fenced In Yard
  • House
  • Invisible Fenced Yard

Behavior if Left Alone

  • Doesn’t Like Being Left Alone

Breed Group

  • Hound Group

Coat Length

  • Short Coat
  • Very Short Coat

Coat Quality

  • Smooth Coat
  • Soft Coat

Colors

  • Black & Cream
  • Black & Tan
  • Blue & Cream
  • Blue & Tan
  • Chocolate & Cream
  • Chocolate & Tan
  • Cream
  • Fawn & Cream
  • Fawn & Tan
  • Red
  • Wheaten
  • Wild Boar

Drools

  • Doesn’t Really Drool

Energy Level

  • Energetic

Exercise Needs

  • Needs Occasional Exercise
  • Needs Regular Exercise

Full Grown Height

  • 4-9″

Full Grown Weight

  • 16-20lbs
  • 21-25lbs
  • 26-30lbs

General Health

  • Not a Very Healthy Breed
  • Pretty Healthy Breed

Good Choice for New Dog Owners

  • Good Dog for Your First Dog
  • Great First Dog!
  • Very Good for Your First Dog!

Good Dog for Cold Weather?

  • Doesn’t Do Well in Cold Weather

Good Dog for Hot Weather?

  • Can Manage in Hot Weather

Good With Children?

  • Good with Kids
  • Great With Kids
  • Very Good With Kids

Grooming

  • Doesn’t Require Grooming

Intelligence

  • Smart

Personality

  • Affectionate
  • Very Affectionate

Playfulness

  • Playful
  • Very Playful

Recommended OFA Tests

  • Autoimmune Thyroiditis (Optional)
  • Congenital Deafness (Optional)
  • Eye Examination by ACVO Ophthalmologist
  • Patellar Luxation – OFA Evaluation
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (Optional)

Social Behavior with Dogs

  • Socializes Well with Other Dogs

Top Life Expectancy

  • 12 years
  • 13 years

Training Tendencies

  • Easy to Train
  • Very Easy to Train

Vocalization Tendencies

  • Barks or Howls Appropriately
  • Barks or Howls Frequently