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Doberman Pinscher


Origin | The Doberman Pinscher was developed by a tax collector and dogcatcher by the name Louis Doberman. Doberman lived in the town of Apolda in Thuringia, Germany. He mostly bred dogs for security and companionship owing to his job as a tax collector.  One of the results of his early breeding experiments was the Doberman pinscher. There are no records of which dogs Doberman used to breed this dog. It is, therefore, speculated that it was developed from the German Pinscher, Rottweiler, and Black & Tan Terriers.

Later Developments | By the end of the 1800s, the breeders who continued Doberman's work focused more on function and less on appearance of the breed. They wanted to turn the breed into a super dog. Therefore they bred the smartest, quickest, bravest and toughest of dogs. The final breed came to be known for its aggressiveness and headstrong personality. The dog was inducted in Germany in 1900 and arrived in the United States in 1908. Most of the dogs in Europe died during World War II and were restocked from the US.

Traits | This is a medium to large sized breed of domestic dog.  They have a lifespan of between 10 and 13 years. The male has a height of between 66 and 72cm while the females have a height of between 61 and 68cm from the shoulders. The weight of the average male is between 34 and 45kgs while that of the female is between 27 and 41kgs.

Care | They are best suited for country homes and suburban residences. They need lots of exercises and a home with a securely fenced yard- for his safety and the safety of passersbys. They should not be isolated, left outdoors or even chained. They need early training and socialization otherwise, they will grow up to be timid and quarrelsome.

Personality | They are super active and brilliant dogs. They are also known to be extremely loyal and trustworthy. Most of their owners report them to being playful and fun-loving towards their hosts. They are natural protectors who wouldn’t hesitate to attack when they feel that there is a threat in the vicinity. However, even then they are not aggressive, unless they sense a reason to be. They like to be busy and they learn rather quickly, which makes training very easy.

Adult Size

  • Large
  • Very Large

Amount of Shedding

  • Sheds Little

Appropriate Environment

  • Apartment
  • Fenced In Yard
  • House
  • Invisible Fenced Yard

Behavior if Left Alone

  • Doesn’t Like Being Left Alone
  • Wrong Dog to Leave Alone

Breed Group

  • Working Group

Coat Length

  • Very Short Coat

Coat Quality

  • Smooth Coat


  • Black & Rust
  • Blue & Rust
  • Fawn & Rust
  • Red & Rust
  • White


  • Doesn’t Really Drool

Energy Level

  • Energetic
  • Very Energetic

Exercise Needs

  • Needs Occasional Exercise
  • Needs Regular Exercise

Full Grown Height

  • 24-26″

Full Grown Weight

  • 61-65lbs
  • 66-70lbs
  • 71-75lbs
  • 76-80lbs

General Health

  • Not a Very Healthy Breed

Good Choice for New Dog Owners

  • Good Dog for Your First Dog

Good Dog for Cold Weather?

  • Doesn’t Do Well in Cold Weather
  • Wrong Dog for Cold Weather

Good Dog for Hot Weather?

  • Can Manage in Hot Weather
  • Does Well in Hot Weather
  • Tolerates Hot Weather Well

Good With Children?

  • Good with Kids


  • Doesn’t Require Grooming


  • Genius
  • Smart
  • Very Intelligent


  • Affectionate
  • Very Affectionate


  • Playful
  • Very Playful

Recommended OFA Tests

  • Autoimmune Thyroiditis – OFA evaluation
  • Eye Examination by ACVO Ophthalmologist
  • Hip Dysplasia OFA/OVC Evaluation or PennHIP
  • von Willebrand’s Disease – OFA VetGen or the DPCA
  • Working Aptitude Evaluation by the DPCA

Social Behavior with Dogs

  • Socializes Sometimes with Other Dogs

Top Life Expectancy

  • 10 years
  • 11 years
  • 12 years
  • 13 years

Training Tendencies

  • Easy to Train
  • Very Easy to Train

Vocalization Tendencies

  • Barks or Howls Appropriately