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German Shepherd Dog (Alsatian)


[rev_slider Germanshepherd] Origin | The German Shepherd traces its origins to Karlsruhe, Germany. It was developed from the wire-haired, shorthaired and longhaired farm dogs and local herding breeds in Bavaria, Württemberg, and Thuringia in Germany. This dog was first presented in Berlin in 1889 by Captain Max von Stephanitz. For the longest time both the longhaired and the shorthaired were exhibited in shows. Currently only the short haired one is recognized. In America the first German Shepherd dog was presented in 1907 and officially recognized in 1908. Traits | The German Shepherd is a medium to large sized working dog breed. They have a lifespan of between 9 and 13 years and exists in about six different coat colours. These are Grey, Black Sable, Black & Tan, Red & Black, and Black & Silver. The male German Shepherds weigh between 30 to 40kgs while the female ones weigh between 22 and 32kgs. The male has an average height of between 60 and 65cm while the female ranges between 55 and 60cm. Temperament | They are often used as working dogs because they are keen, alert, courageous and fearless. They are also obedient, eager to learn and often cheerful. For the most part, German shepherds are known to be clever, serious, confident yet very tranquil. They are very brave and faithful, and they wouldn’t think twice about giving their lives for their human companions. They have a highly impressive learning ability and also tend to be very wary of strangers. They need familiarity and should never be left isolated for extended periods of time. Health | This dog breed is generally healthy. But just like all breeds, they are prone to certain health issues. It’s critical to have a clear understanding of the diseases involved before you start to breed them. If you are purchasing a puppy make sure the breeder shows you the health clearance for the puppy’ parents.  This health certificate indicates that the dog has been tested and cleared of a particular disease or condition. Training | These dogs only bark when they feel it's necessary. They are often used as police dogs owing to their strong protective instincts and extreme loyalty to the handlers. When poorly bred they tend to attack people and continually display aggression. This breed needs owners who are naturally authoritative and domineering otherwise they become bullies. The training on loyalty, submission and following instructions has to be sustained till adulthood. Never allow him to thinks he is the pack leader over humans.  

Adult Size

  • Large
  • Very Large

Amount of Shedding

  • Sheds Excessively

Appropriate Environment

  • Apartment
  • Fenced In Yard
  • House
  • Invisible Fenced Yard

Behavior if Left Alone

  • Doesn’t Like Being Left Alone

Breed Group

  • Herding Group

Coat Length

  • Long Coat
  • Medium Coat

Coat Quality

  • Double Coat
  • Hard Coat
  • Rough Coat


  • Bi-Color
  • Black
  • Black & Cream
  • Black & Red
  • Black & Silver
  • Black & Tan
  • Blue
  • Gray
  • Liver
  • Sable
  • White


  • Drools Occasionally

Energy Level

  • Energetic
  • Highly Energetic
  • Very Energetic

Exercise Needs

  • Needs Lots of Exercise
  • Needs Regular Exercise

Full Grown Height

  • 21-23″
  • 24-26″

Full Grown Weight

  • 76-80lbs
  • 80-90lbs
  • 91-100lbs

General Health

  • Breed with Many Health Issues
  • Not a Very Healthy Breed

Good Choice for New Dog Owners

  • Not a Great Choice for Your First Dog

Good Dog for Cold Weather?

  • Can Manage in Cold Weather
  • Thrives in Cold Weather

Good Dog for Hot Weather?

  • Can Manage in Hot Weather
  • Doesn’t Do Well in Hot Weather

Good With Children?

  • Good with Kids


  • Doesn’t Require Grooming
  • Requires Occasional Brushing


  • Genius
  • Smart
  • Very Intelligent


  • Affectionate
  • Very Affectionate


  • Playful
  • Very Playful

Recommended OFA Tests

  • Autoimmune Thyroiditis – OFA evaluation
  • Congenital Cardiac Database ARCH – ACVIM Registry of Cardiac Health – or – OFA evaluation
  • Degenerative Myelopathy (Optional)
  • Elbow Dysplasia – OFA Evaluation
  • Eye Examination by ACVO Ophthalmologist
  • Hip Dysplasia OFA/OVC Evaluation or PennHIP
  • Temperament Test Results of GSDCA – OFA

Social Behavior with Dogs

  • Socializes Sometimes with Other Dogs

Top Life Expectancy

  • 10 years
  • 11 years
  • 12 years
  • 13 years

Training Tendencies

  • Easy to Train
  • Very Easy to Train

Vocalization Tendencies

  • Barks or Howls Appropriately