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German Shorthaired Pointer


Origin | Early versions of the German Shorthaired Pointer can be traced to the 17th century. The breed as we know it today was created in the mid/late 1800s as a multipurpose hunting dog.  The breeder relied on both pointers from England to create a dog that had an obedient nature, strong scent ability and could work in water or on land. Prince Albrecht from the House of Hanover is responsible for encouraging the breeders to focus more on function rather than appearance.

Recent Development | The first known German Shorthaired Pointer in the US was recorded in 1925 by Dr. Thornton, a breeder in Montana. The breed was publicly registered in 1930. As World War II progressed most of the breeders and owners of German Shorthaired Pointers sent them from Germany to Yugoslavia for safe keeping. The limited gene pool that remained severely affected the rate of breeding.

Traits | This is a medium to large-sized dog breed with a hound-like look and a keen nose. They are a versatile hunting breed that is good looking but also very practical. These non-hypoallergenic breeds have a lifespan of between 12 and 14 years. The females have a height of between 53 and 59cm from the shoulders while the males have an average height of between 58 and 64cm. The average weight of a female is between 20 and 27kgs while the males weigh between 25 and 32kgs.

Personality | This dog breed is friendly, powerful and smart with a bubbling enthusiasm. They don’t like seclusion or solitary existence.  When left alone, they are prone to develop separation anxiety. This is a house dog, not a yard dog. They are highly trainable dogs who’ll bond with anyone and everyone in the house. German Shorthaired Pointers tend to mirror their mothers temperament more than their fathers.

Care | These dogs need proper socialization. Exposure to different persons, sounds, scents, sights, and experiences is very critical. You can invite visitors over regularly and also take him out to busy parks and neighborhoods that allow dogs. By allowing your puppy to explore the different parts of life, they will grow into well-rounded dogs that are easy to live with.

Adult Size

  • Large
  • Medium

Amount of Shedding

  • Sheds Little

Appropriate Environment

  • Apartment
  • Fenced In Yard
  • House
  • Invisible Fenced Yard

Behavior if Left Alone

  • Doesn’t Like Being Left Alone

Breed Group

  • Sporting Group

Coat Length

  • Very Short Coat

Coat Quality

  • Smooth Coat


  • Black
  • Liver
  • White


  • Doesn’t Really Drool

Energy Level

  • Energetic
  • Highly Energetic
  • Very Energetic

Exercise Needs

  • Needs Lots of Exercise
  • Needs Regular Exercise

Full Grown Height

  • 21-23″
  • 24-26″

Full Grown Weight

  • 46-50lbs
  • 51-55lbs
  • 56-60lbs
  • 61-65lbs
  • 66-70lbs
  • 71-75lbs

General Health

  • Healthy Breed
  • Pretty Healthy Breed

Good Choice for New Dog Owners

  • Good Dog for Your First Dog

Good Dog for Cold Weather?

  • Doesn’t Do Well in Cold Weather

Good Dog for Hot Weather?

  • Can Manage in Hot Weather
  • Does Well in Hot Weather
  • Tolerates Hot Weather Well

Good With Children?

  • Good with Kids
  • Great With Kids
  • Very Good With Kids


  • Doesn’t Require Grooming


  • Genius
  • Smart
  • Very Intelligent


  • Affectionate
  • Very Affectionate


  • Playful
  • Very Playful

Recommended OFA Tests

  • Autoimmune Thyroiditis (Optional)
  • Cone Degeneration Optigen test – OFA
  • Congenital Cardiac Database ARCH – ACVIM Registry of Cardiac Health – or – OFA evaluation
  • Elbow Dysplasia – OFA Evaluation
  • Eye Examination by ACVO Ophthalmologist
  • Hip Dysplasia OFA/OVC Evaluation or PennHIP
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) DNA Test
  • von Willebrand’s Disease (Optional) – OFA Evaluation from VetGen

Social Behavior with Dogs

  • Socializes Well with Other Dogs

Top Life Expectancy

  • 12 years
  • 13 years

Training Tendencies

  • Easy to Train
  • Relatively Easy to Train
  • Very Easy to Train

Vocalization Tendencies

  • Barks or Howls Appropriately