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Golden Retriever


[rev_slider GoldRet]

Origin | For many years the legend has been that the Golden Retriever descended from Russian sheepdogs which had been shipped in for circus performances. However, the actual story is that they trace their origin to 1800's Scotland. They were developed by Sir Dudley Majorbanks (a.k.a Lord Tweedmouth) from 1835 to 1890. Lord Tweedmouth bred animals in the hills of Scotland while trying to perfect different breeds. He particularly focused on ensuring that a breed had better retrieving skills than the spaniels and setters that were used back then.

Later Development | As a talented waterfowl hunter, Tweedmouth wanted to improve on the existing spaniel breeds. He wanted a new breed of dog that was be loyal and even-tempered when around people, especially at home. He established the breed of Golden Retriever in 1868 by breeding a Wavy-coated Retriever, to a Tweed Water Spaniel. This created the foundation litter of Golden Retriever puppies.

Traits | Golden retrievers are large-sized dog breeds reared as gun dogs to retrieve shot game birds. They have a lifespan of between 10 and 12 years. The females weigh between 25 and 32kgs while the males weigh between 30 and 34kgs. The height of the females is between 51 and 56cm while the males are a little taller at between 56 and 61cm. Golden retrievers have cream, dark golden, golden or light golden colors.

Personality | The Golden retriever is known to be calm natured and sweet. Although they were bred to work with people and are always eager to please, they require training. Puppies should be exposed to different sounds, sights, people and experiences to ensure proper socialization.

Care | These dogs are built for action. That’s why they are very active and outdoorsy. They would gladly accompany you for a hike or a jog. They will also be the best companion if you feel like tossing ball in the backyard. A vigorous 20-30 minute exercise twice a day will help them calm down once they are inside the house. They grow fastest between ages four and seven months and that’s when they are most susceptible to bone disorders. Keep them from hard surfaces until they are at least two.

Adult Size

  • Large

Amount of Shedding

  • Sheds Excessively

Appropriate Environment

  • Apartment
  • Fenced In Yard
  • House
  • Invisible Fenced Yard

Behavior if Left Alone

  • Doesn’t Like Being Left Alone

Breed Group

  • Sporting Group

Coat Length

  • Medium Coat

Coat Quality

  • Smooth Coat


  • Dark Golden
  • Golden
  • Light Golden


  • Drools Occasionally

Energy Level

  • Energetic
  • Highly Energetic
  • Very Energetic

Exercise Needs

  • Needs Lots of Exercise
  • Needs Regular Exercise

Full Grown Height

  • 21-23″
  • 24-26″

Full Grown Weight

  • 56-60lbs
  • 61-65lbs
  • 66-70lbs
  • 71-75lbs

General Health

  • Breed with Many Health Issues
  • Not a Very Healthy Breed

Good Choice for New Dog Owners

  • Good Dog for Your First Dog
  • Great First Dog!
  • Very Good for Your First Dog!

Good Dog for Cold Weather?

  • Can Manage in Cold Weather
  • Thrives in Cold Weather
  • Tolerates Cold Weather Well

Good Dog for Hot Weather?

  • Can Manage in Hot Weather
  • Does Well in Hot Weather
  • Tolerates Hot Weather Well

Good With Children?

  • Good with Kids
  • Great With Kids
  • Very Good With Kids


  • Doesn’t Require Grooming
  • Requires Regular Brushing


  • Genius
  • Smart
  • Very Intelligent


  • Affectionate
  • Very Affectionate


  • Playful
  • Very Playful

Recommended OFA Tests

  • Congenital Cardiac Database ARCH – ACVIM Registry of Cardiac Health – or – OFA evaluation
  • Elbow Dysplasia – OFA Evaluation
  • Eye Examination by ACVO Ophthalmologist
  • Hip Dysplasia OFA/OVC Evaluation or PennHIP

Social Behavior with Dogs

  • Socializes Well with Other Dogs

Top Life Expectancy

  • 12 years
  • 13 years
  • 14 years

Training Tendencies

  • Easy to Train
  • Very Easy to Train

Vocalization Tendencies

  • Barks or Howls Appropriately